Agri-ProFocus Learning Network
This toolkit intends to motivate and help practitioners in integrating a gender perspective in agricultural value chain development, by providing practical tools for all stages of the value chain intervention. It is the second and adjusted version of an earlier Gender in Value Chain Toolkit published by Agri-ProFocus in September 2012. This version is adjusted based on experiences in using the first toolkit in Agri-ProFocus gender in value chain coaching tracks in Eastern Africa. The chapter on intervention strategies is complemented and contains many interesting and practical tools and approaches ready for use by you as a practitioner.
The toolkit provides an overview of material available on gender and value chains. The tools are selected from manuals produced by USAID, SNV, GIZ, ILO, CARE and other organizations in the Agri-ProFocus ‘Gender in Value Chains’ network. Most resources can be found on the World Wide Web; links can be found on the resources page of the online version of the toolkit.
The Gender in Value Chains Practical Toolkit that you are currently holding is closely linked to another publication that resulted from collaboration within the Agri-ProFocus Gender in Value Chains network, namely ‘Challenging Chains to Change: Gender Equity in Agricultural Value Chain Development’ (2012). This publication was produced by the Royal Tropical Institute (KIT) in cooperation with IIRR and Agri-ProFocus and sponsored by ICCO, Hivos, Cordaid and Oxfam Novib.
Experiences with the use of the toolkit can be shared via the online platform of the Agri-ProFocus Learning Network on Gender in Value Chains and on the different Agri-ProFocus country platforms. Also, other relevant tools for gender-sensitive value chain development can be shared here.
The introduction provides you with the different arguments to practice gender-sensitive value chain development and presents concepts combining value chain and gender thinking. These are the concepts underlying the tools presented in this book. The toolkit follows the logic of the value chain development project cycle:
This chapter contains tools which can be used to analyze the wider social, cultural and economic context in which value chain interventions will take place. What are the differences in activities of men and women, what resources do they have access to carry out these activities, and do they have a say about the proceeds? How does this vary between the different households? The chapter concludes with an overview of five strategies for gender-sensitive value chain development. The strategies are taken from the book ‘Challenging Chains to Change’ (Agri-ProFocus, KIT, IIRR, 2012). The book provides case descriptions for each strategy.
Selecting a value chain or sub-sector on superficial observation basis bears the risk of choosing a sector with little potential for either upgrading or achieving gender objectives. This chapter assists you in selecting value chains which have the potential to contribute to increased women empowerment and gender equality, chains that ‘work for women’.
In this chapter you will find tools to make women visible in a value chain. The tools in this chapter will help you to get a global gender-sensitive picture of the value chain, the actors involved, their linkages and the percentages of men and women in each chain segment. The tools will assist you in identifying constraints and opportunities for women to participate in the value chain, to analyze the differences in power (positions) in the value chain governance, and to discover opportunities for women to upgrade their position.
This chapter is organized according to different entry-points for value chain upgrading: Households; Producer organizations; Businesses; Business Development Service Providers; Financial Service Providers and Development Organizations. For each entry point a variety of practical interventions is presented.
This chapter provides tools to measure the success of your intervention with a specific focus on gender issues. Lessons drawn from this measuring process can serve as an entry point in defining a new, or adjust the old, upgrading strategy.
This toolkit is also available in an online version via http://genderinvaluechains.ning.com. The online version has a ‘Downloads’ section from which all the tools can be downloaded; per tool, per chapter or the whole toolkit at once.
The resources section lists all resources used. The online version of the toolkit includes links to the resources and toolkits used.
Women are a category of people; gender is the socially constructed difference between women and men. The meaning society gives to the roles of men and women results in certain power relations and dynamics. As a consequence, inequality in people’s capacity to make choices exists. Because women are often lagging behind in this respect, many tools are focused on empowering women. However, in order to change gender relations in society, the input of both men and women is required.
The tools are, as much as possible, described according to the original documents available in the public domain. Given the different origin of the tools, this toolkit does not provide a fully coherent approach. It aims at providing information on tools for gender-sensitive value chain development available on the internet in a summarized form, allowing practitioners to select the tools which best suit the organization, way of working and philosophy.
This toolkit is not a ready-made recipe to integrate gender into your value chain development project. Rather, it offers a range of tools that could be used at every stage of your intervention. It is up to the practitioner to decide which combination of tools to use.
Most tools describe one step in a process (e.g. the data collection, or the participatory analysis). The design of the other steps in the process and the involvement of the right mix of people in the different steps is the task of the practitioner.
It is the responsibility of the practitioner to adjust the tools to his or her specific situation.
The toolkit strives to be a low-threshold portal for the value chain practitioner. We believe in the concept of ‘open knowledge’. We want to make tools not only ‘available’ and ‘accessible’ but also ‘adjustable’. Therefore, we encourage you to use and adjust the tools and to share your experiences and adjustments with us. We are also interested in other tools you may consider useful. Experiences can be shared via the online platform of the Agri-ProFocus Learning network on Gender in Value Chains.
In return, Agri-ProFocus would like to be mentioned as source for the material, so that others can also join our growing network.
The content of this Toolkit has been developed by Angelica Senders of Fair & Sustainable Advisory Services, Anna Lentink of Triodos Facet, Mieke Vanderschaeghe, independent consultant, and Jacqueline Terrillon, coach of the gender in value chains coaching track of Agri-ProFocus in Uganda with support of Roel Snelder of Agri-ProFocus Netherlands
The tools are taken from manuals produced by practitioners and organizations, available in the public domain or made available to the Agri-ProFocus Gender in value chains network. The toolkit relies strongly on manuals produced by USAID, SNV, GIZ , ILO, Oxfam and CARE.
The publication ‘Challenging Chains to Change’ (Agri-ProFocus, KIT and IIRR 2012) is the result of a writeshop process that was organized within Agri-ProFocus and coordinated by Anna Laven and Rhiannon Pyburn of KIT. From all throughout the Agri-ProFocus network, 105 case briefs were collected, selected, written down and edited into a resource book for practitioners. A PDF version of the book is freely available on http://www.agri-profocus.nl (upper left-hand menu, select ‘Publications’). Please note that the download is 10MB. The book can also be ordered as paperback for €25 from http://www.kitpublishers.nl/